Physical properties of gallium oxide
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Gallium oxide Ga2O3 overview
Gallium oxide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Ga2O3. Also known as gallium trioxide, it is a wide bandgap semiconductor with Eg=4.9eV. Its electrical conductivity and luminescent properties have long attracted attention. Ga2O3 is a transparent oxide semiconductor material with broad application prospects in optoelectronic devices.
Preparation of gallium oxide Ga2O3
1. Add a high-concentration hot aqueous solution of NaHCO3 to the hot aqueous solution of gallium trichloride GaCl3, and boil until all the hydroxides of gallium are precipitated. Wash the precipitate with hot water until there is no Cl-, and calcine it at above 600 ° C to obtain β-Ga2O3. When NH4Cl remains, it reacts with Ga2O3 at 250°C to generate volatile GaCl3.
2. This is the production method of high-purity Ga2O3. Using high-purity metal Ga as anode, dissolved in 5%~20% H2SO4 solution, adding ammonia water to the solution, cooling, repeatedly crystallizing Ga(NH4)(SO4)2, drying at 105 ℃, under the condition of excess oxygen After burning at 800°C for 2 hours, a product with a purity of 99.99% to 99.9999% is obtained.
3. Weigh 1kg of 99.9999% high-purity gallium into a three-necked flask, add high-purity nitric acid to dissolve the gallium completely, then filter, pour the filtrate into a three-necked flask, and move it to an electric furnace for evaporation (in a fume hood). ), and when concentrated to near crystallization, the solution was transferred to a large evaporating dish and evaporated to dryness. Put the evaporated Ga(NO3)3 in a muffle furnace for burning, the temperature is controlled at 550 ℃, burning for 5h, after cooling, take out the finished product to obtain 1.2kg of high-purity gallium oxide.
Gallium oxide Ga2O3 application
Gallium oxide Ga2O3 is used as a high-purity analytical reagent in the electronics industry for the preparation of semiconductor materials.
Gallium oxide has been used in research on lasers, phosphors and luminescent materials. Gallium oxide is also used as an insulating layer for tight connections.
Monoclinic β-Ga2O3 is mainly used in gas sensors and phosphors, and can also be used in dielectric coatings for solar cells.
In semiconductors; gas sensing; in catalysis, gallium oxide is also used.
Application of gallium oxide nanostructures as blue and ultraviolet light emitters in optoelectronic devices.
This stable oxide also shows potential for deep ultraviolet transparent conducting oxides and transistor applications.
Gallium oxide (Ga2O3) thin films have important commercial value as gas sensing materials.
Production of Ga2O3-Al2O3 catalysts using Ss-gallium(III) oxide.
Physical properties of gallium oxide
White triangular crystalline particles. not soluble in water. Slightly soluble in hot acid or alkali solution. Melting point 1900°C (converted to beta form at 600°C).
Soluble in alkali metal hydroxides and dilute inorganic acids.
There are alpha and beta variants. The α type is a white rhombic hexahedron.
Properties: α-Ga2O3 is hexagonal, β-Ga2O3 is monoclinic.
Melting point (ºC): 1740
Solubility: Insoluble in water. Slightly soluble in hot acid or alkali solution.
Gallium Oxide Ga2O3 Product Price
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|Technical Parameter of Gallium Oxide Ga2O3 Powder :|
|Product Name||MF||Purity||Particle Size||Melting Point||Molecular weight||Color|
|Gallium Oxide||Ga2O3||99.90%||-100 mesh||1740℃||187.44||White|
|Gallium Oxide Powder Properties|
|Other Names||Digallium trioxide, Gallium sesquioxide, Gallia,|
|Oxo-oxogallanyloxy-gallane, Gallium(III) oxide,|
|Melting Point||1900 ℃|
|Solubility in H2O||N/A|
|Exact Mass||187.835 g/mol|
|Monoisotopic Mass||185.835906 Da|
|Gallium Oxide Powder Health & Safety Information|
|Transport Information||NONH for all modes of transport|